food

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Nourishment
Nouns
1. food, aliment, nourishment, nutriment; aliment[ation], foodstuffs, sustenance, nurture, subsistence, provender, daily bread, fodder, provision, ration, keep, commons, board; fare, cheer; diet, regimen; bread, staff of life; natural or organic food, health food, soul food, Tex-Mex, macrobiotics; additive; comestibles, eatables, victuals, edibles; groceries, convenience food; finger foods; meat, viands; fast food, convenience food; delicacy, dainty; fleshpots; festive board; ambrosia; good cheer; hearty meal; soul food. Slang, grub, chow; junk food, eats, vittles, scarf, dog's vomit.
2. cookery, [nouvelle] cuisine, haute cuisine, cuisine minceur, cordon bleu, home cooking.
3. meal, repast, feed, spread; mess; dish, plate, course, entrée; pièce de résistance, hors d'oeuvres; refreshment; refection, collation, picnic, box lunch; feast, banquet, luau (see amusement); [continental or power] breakfast; déjeuner, lunch, luncheon; [high] tea; dinner, supper, snack, dessert; pot luck [supper], wiener roast, barbecue, cookout, fish fry, pot luck; buffet, smorgasbord; table d'hôte; table, cuisine, bill of fare, menu; chow line. Informal, brunch; square meal.
4. appetizer, hors d'oeuvres, kickshaw, antipasto, canapé, cold cut, crudites, dim sum, dip, finger food, rollmop, rumaki, spreads, starters, tapas, vorspeise.
5. herb, spice, bouquet garni; allspice, angelica, anise, basil, bay leaf, pepper, capers, caraway seed, cardamom, carob, cayenne, celery seed, chervil, chicory, chili powder, chives, cilantro, cinnamon, cloves, coriander, cubeb, cumin, curry, dill, garlic, fennel, fenugreek, ginger, salt, lemon grass, licorice, mace, marjoram, mint, mustard, nutmeg, oregano, paprika, parsley, poppy seed, rosemary, saffron, sage, sesame seed, sorrel, tarragon, thyme, turmeric, vanilla.
6.
a. grain, staff of life, [bleached, enriched, pastry, rice, rye, semolina, unbleached, wheat, or white] flour; barley, cornmeal, bran, buckwheat, couscous, farina, grits, hominy, millet, oats, polenta, [basmati, brown, enriched, long-grain, minute, short-grain, wild, or white] rice, rye, wheat.
b. bread, roll cracker, bagel, baguette, biscuit, muffin, breadstick, brioche, bun, challah, chapati, cornbread, cracknel, croissant, crouton, egg bread, English muffin, goody or crackling bread, graham cracker, hardtack, johnny cake, matzo, melba toast, pita, pretzel, pumpernickel, raisin bread, [dinner, Kaiser, or sourdough] roll, saltine, sippet, soda biscuit, toast, tortilla, wafer, zwieback; sandwich, dagwood, submarine, hero, hoagy, poor-boy, grinder.
c. pasta, noodle; bucatini, cannelloni, conchiglie, dumpling, fettuccine, fusilli, gnocchi, knodel, kreplach, lasagne, linguine, lo mein, macaroni, manicotti, mostaccioli, penne, ravioli, rigatoni, rotini, rotelli, spaetzle, spaghetti[ni], tortellini, vermicelli, won ton, ziti.
7.
a. meat, red or white meat; joint; [pot, rib, pocket, or prime rib] roast, [club, Delmonico, flank, New York, porterhouse, rib eye, round, Salisbury, sirloin, skirt, T-bone, or tenderloin] steak, chopped beef, beefsteak, sweetbreads, tongue, tournedos, tripe, veal, kabob; spare ribs, beef, brains, brisket, charqui, Chateaubriand, chitterlings, cold cuts, corned beef, filet mignon, flitch, [Danish, baked, or processed] ham, hamburger, kidney, lamb, liver, mutton, noisette, pastrami, pork, rack, tripe, bacon; roast, boiled meat, hash, ground beef, chipped beef, jerky; fricandeau, sweetbread; leg of lamb, leg or saddle of mutton; chop, cutlet. Informal, piano.
b. sausage, bratwurst, andouillettes, bangers, bologna, Bratwurst, Braunschweiger, pâté, chorizo, foie gras, forcemeat, frankfurter], galantine, salami, head cheese, hot dog, kielbasa, knockwurst, liverwurst, mortadella, saucisse, scrapple, terrine, weenie, tube steak, zampone.
c. fish, shellfish, seafood; abalone, anchovy, bacalao, calamari, caviar, clam, cod, crawdad, crawfish, crayfish, eel, escargot, finnan haddie, flounder, halibut, kipper, mahimahi, orange roughy, prawn, red snapper, scampi, softshell crab, scrod, surimi, tomalley, turbot; finnan haddie, gravlax, kipper, lox, seviche, sashimi, sushi. Informal, deep-sea turkey, two-eyed steak.
d. poultry, [stewing, roasting, frying, or broiling] chicken, goose, turkey; game, fowl, capon, duck, grouse, guinea fowl, partridge, pheasant, quail, squab; boar, deer, hare, rabbit, venison; white or dark meat, giblets, sweetbreads, drumstick, thigh, breast; [fried, scrambled, boiled, shirred, or poached] eggs.
e. fish and chips; stir-fry; headcheese, smegma, jerky, burrito, nacho; hash, stew, ragout, fricassee; chitlins, tripe; surf and turf.
8. [American, blue, cream, cottage, feta, goat, jack, pot, processed, string, cheddar, or Swiss] cheese, Bel Paese, Boursin, Brie, Camembert, Cheshire, colby, Edam, Emmenthaler, fontina, Gorgonzola, Gouda, Gruyère, Havarti, Jarlsberg, Liederkranz, Limburger, Montrachet, mozzarella, Muenster, Neufchâtel, Pont l'Evèque, Port-Salut, provolone, ricotta, Romano, Roquefort, Stilton, Velveeta; clabber, cream, crème fraîche, half-and-half, heavy cream, whipping cream, sour cream; [condensed, dry, evaporated, homogenized, low-fat, nonfat, pasteurized, raw, or skim] milk, buttermilk; butter; yogurt; tofu, bean curd.
9.
a. vegetable, legume, artichoke, asparagus, aubergine, [black, butter, fava, garbanzo, green, kidney, lima, mung, navy, pinto, soya, string, wax, or white] bean, lentil, chickpea, bean sprout, beet, onion, bok choy, broccoli, Brussels sprout, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, celery, chard, chicory, chive, corn, cress, cucumber, eggplant, endive, escarole, finocchio, kale, kohlrabi, leek, [Bibb, Boston, cos, iceberg, or romaine] lettuce, maize, manioc, fungus, [button, chanterelle, morel, oyster, porcini, or shiitake] mushroom, mustard greens, okra, parsnip, [black-eyed, green, snow, or baby] pea, [bell, chile, green, jalapeno, pimiento, red, serrano, wax, or yellow] pepper, potato, pumpkin, radicchio, radish, rhubarb, rutabaga, salsify, scallion, seaweed, shallot, soybean, spinach, [acorn, butternut, summer, winter, or yellow] squash, zucchini, succory, sweet potato, tomato, truffle, turnip, water chestnut, watercress, yam; crudités. Informal, veggies. Slang, rabbit food.
b. salad, greens, Caesar salad, salade niçoise, chef's or julienne salad; sauerkraut.
10.
a. fruit, [Delicious, golden, Granny Smith, gravenstein, Jonathan, Macintosh, Rome, or winesap] apple, apricot, avocado, banana, berry, blackberry, [black or red] raspberry, blueberry, boysenberry, cranberry, dewberry, elderberry, gooseberry, lingonberry, strawberry, black currant, breadfruit, carambola, cherry, citron, clementine, coconut, crabapple, custard apple, plum, date, fig, [Concord, muscat, or seedless] grape, grapefruit, guava, jujube, kiwi, kumquat, lemon, lime, loquat, mango, [cantaloupe, casaba, honeydew, or winter] melon, watermelon, muskmelon, [mandarin, navel, or Valencia] orange, nectarine, olive, papaya, passion fruit, pawpaw, peach, [Anjou, Bosc, or Bartlett] pear, persimmon, pineapple, plantain, pomegranate, pomelo, prune, quince, raisin, sapodilla, spanspek, tamarillo, tamarind, tangelo, tangerine.
b. fruit compote or cocktail.
11. nut, seed, acorn, almond, betel nut, black walnut, Brazil nut, butternut, cashew, chestnut, corozo, filbert, hazelnut, hickory, horse chestnut, kola, litchi, macadamia, peanut, pecan, pine nut, pistachio, sesame seed, sunflower seed, walnut.
12.
a. dessert, pandowdy, baked Alaska, Bavarian cream, blancmange, cannoli, cassata, charlotte russe, clafoutis, cobbler, compote, coupe, crème brûlée, crème caramel, crêpe suzette, custard, flan, flummery, frappé, frozen custard, fruit cup, gelato, glacé, granita, ice cream, ice, Jell-O, meringue, mousse, parfait, peach Melba, pudding, torte, sherbet, sorbet, soufflé, shortcake, streusel, sundae, syllabub, tiramisu, tortoni, trifle, zabaglione.
b. cake, angel food cake, cheesecake, chocolate or devil's food cake, cupcake, coffeecake, fruitcake, gâteau, genoise, gingerbread, jelly roll, kuchen, layer cake, marble cake, [buckwheat, griddle, or potato] pancake, blini, blintz, crêpe, flapjack, hotcake, waffle, pound cake, Sacher torte, savarin, stollen, tart, teacake, torte, wedding cake.
c. pastry, fruit or cream pie; baba au rum, baklava, beignet, cornet, crescent, cruller, crumpet, Danish, doughnut, éclair, feuilletée, frangipane, fritter, madeleine, mille-feuilles, napoleon, pain au chocolat, petit four, phyllo, profiterole, quiche, scone, sopaipilla, strudel, sweet roll, tart, timbale, turnover.
d. cookie, brownie, fig bar, florentine, fortune cookie, garibaldi, ginger-snap, lady finger, macaroon, Oreo, panettone, ratafia, shortbread, Toll House, wafer.
e. candy, sweets, bonbon, brittle, butterscotch, candy bar, caramel, confection, cotton candy, fondant, frosting, fudge, halvah, icing, jawbreaker, jellybean, jimmies, sprinkles, jujube, kiss, lemon drop, licorice, lollipop, marchpane, marshmallow, marzipan, nonpareil, nougat, peanut brittle, praline, saltwater taffy, toffee.
13. soup, potage, gruel, porridge, haggis; broth, consommé, purée, avgolemono, bisque, borscht, bouillabaise, bouillon, burgoo, cholent, chowder, cioppino, civet, cullis, daube, fumet, gazpacho, goulash, gumbo, hasenpfeffer, lobscouse, madrilene, matelote, menudo, minestrone, miso soup, mulligan, mulligatawny, navarin, [Irish or Hungarian] stew, olla podrida, oxtail soup, potage, ragout, ramen, salmi, shark's fin soup, slumgullion, stock, tzimmes, vichyssoise.
14. condiment, anchovy, bitters, aspic, pickle, caper, catsup, chutney, cornichon, gherkin, horseradish, jam, jelly, marmalade, piccalilli, pimiento, relish, salsa, sambal, tahini, wasabi, zest, [balsamic, malt, red wine, rice wine, or white wine] vinegar; dressing, vinaigrette; [barbecue, béarnaise, béchamel, brown, chasseur, chili, cranberry, curry, duck, hollandaise, oyster, pesto, rémoulade, soy, sweet-and-sour, Tabasco, tartar, velouté, white, or Worcestershire] sauce, guacamole, hummus, mayonnaise, satay.
15. drink (see drinking).
16. (act or means of eating) eating, ingestion, mastication, manducation, rumination; gluttony; mouth, jaws, mandible, chops; carousal (see amusement); digestion, chyle.
17. food mill or processor, blender, egg beater, grinder; oven (see heat); refrigerator (see cold).
18.
a. restaurant, steakhouse, chophouse, chuck wagon, coffee shop, diner, eatery, café, brasserie, trattoria, eating house, roadhouse, drive-in, cafeteria, lunch counter, luncheonette, Automat, canteen; dining room, refectory, mess hall. Informal, greasy spoon, hash house, pit stop.
b. blue plate special, early-bird special, plat du jour.
19.
a. grocery store, delicatessen, charcuterie.
b. kitchen, scullery, galley, cuisine.
20.
a. chef, cook, short-order chef or cook; salad chef, pastry chef, etc., confectioner, prep cook, sous-chef.
b. headwaiter, host[ess], waitperson, waiter, waitress, waitron, busboy, carhop; sommelier, wine steward, barman, barmaid.
21. eater, brown-bagger; gourmet, gourmand (see gluttony).
22. forage, pasture, pasturage; fodder, feed; wheat, corn, oats, barley, hay, stray, clover, chicken feed; ensilage; pet food, dog or cat food, bird seed.
Verbs
1. eat, feed, fare, devour, swallow, take; gobble, gulp, bolt, snap; fall to; dispatch, partake of, eat up; take, get, wolf, or gulp down; lay or tuck in; lick, pick (at), peck, eat like a bird (see asceticism); gormandize, ingurgitate (see gluttony); bite, champ, munch, crunch, chew, masticate, nibble, gnaw; live, feed, batten, or fatten on, feast upon; browse, graze, crop; regale, carouse; eat heartily, do justice to; banquet; break bread, break one's fast; breakfast, lunch, dine, take tea, sup; eat out; ration (see apportionment). Informal, chow down, dig in, put away, inhale, nosh. Slang, pig or pork out, scarf.
2. nourish, nurture; digest; stick to one's ribs.
3. prepare; cook, grill, fry, brown, bake, broil, boil, parboil, toast, roast, charbroil, steam, scald, simmer; warm up, reheat; smoke. Informal, rustle
up.
Adjectives — eatable, edible, esculent, comestible, alimentary; cereal; dietetic; fast-food; culinary; nutritive, nutritious; succulent; omnivorous, carnivorous, herbivorous, graminivorous; macrobiotic, organic; kosher.
Adverbs — at table.
Interjections — come and get it!; soup's on!
Phrases — more die of food than of famine; eat to live, not live to eat; the way to a man's heart is through his stomach.
Quotations — I consider supper as a turnpike through which one must pass, in order to get to bed (Oliver Edwards), Tell me what you eat and I will tell you what you are (Anthelme Brillat-Savarin), We each day dig our graves with our teeth (Samuel Smiles), A man hath no better thing under the sun than to eat, and to drink, and to be merry (Bible), One cannot think well, love well, sleep well, if one has not dined well (Virgina Woolf), Food is our common ground, a universal experience (James Beard).
II
(Roget's IV) n.
Syn. nourishment, sustenance, victuals, diet, fare, foodstuffs, nutriment, refreshment, edibles, comestibles, viands, provisions, stores, rations, ration, cuisine, cooking, menu, meat and drink, meat, bread, table, subsistence, mess, board, meals, aliment, cookery, haute cuisine, fast food, junk food, health food, soul food, comfort food, larder, pabulum, grub*, vittles*, eats*, chow*; see also feed , meal 2 . For food in the menu, see also bread , butter , cake 2 , candy , cheese , delicatessen 1 , dessert , drink 2 , 3 , egg , entree 2 , fish , flavoring , fowl , fruit 1 , hors d'oeuvre , jam 1 , jelly , milk , meat , nut 1 , oil , pastry , pudding , salad , sauce 1 , 2 , soup , spice , stew , vegetable .
Food as diet includes: cellulose, carbohydrates, fats, fibers, iron, minerals, oils, protein, proteids, salts, starches, sugars, vitamins. Syn.- food is the general term for all matter that is taken into the body for nourishment; fare refers to the range of foods eaten by a particular organism or available at a particular time and place [ the fare of horses, a bill of fare] ; victuals is now largely a dialectal or colloquial word for human fare or diet; ?provisions refers to a stock of food assembled in advance [provisions for the hike ] ; ration refers to a fixed allowance or allotment of food [ the weekly ration] and in the plural ( ?rations ) to food in general [ how are the rations in this outfit? ]
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
nourishment, sustenance, foodstuffs, *eats, victuals, *chow, *grub, edibles, comestibles, cuisine, fare, *vittles, ration, provisions, subsistence, meal, meat and potatoes, fodder, feed. The first enjoyment of life.''—Lin Yutang.
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. Something fit to be eaten: aliment, bread, comestible, diet, edible, esculent, fare, foodstuff, meat, nourishment, nurture, nutriment, nutrition, pabulum, pap, provender, provision (used in plural), sustenance, victual. Slang: chow, eats, grub. See INGESTION. 2. That which sustains the mind or spirit: aliment, bread, nourishment, nutriment, pabulum, pap, sustenance. See CARE FOR, INGESTION.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • food — W1S1 [fu:d] n [: Old English; Origin: foda] 1.) [U and C] things that people and animals eat, such as vegetables or meat ▪ The restaurant serves good food at affordable prices. ▪ Try not to eat too much spicy food . ▪ I love Italian food ,… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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  • food — 1 Food, feed, victuals, viands, provisions, comestibles, provender, fodder, forage are comparable when meaning things that are edible for human beings or animals. Food is the most general of these terms and is typically applicable to all… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Food — Food, n. [OE. fode, AS. f[=o]da; akin to Icel. f[ae][eth]a, f[ae][eth]i, Sw. f[ o]da, Dan. & LG. f[ o]de, OHG. fatunga, Gr. patei^sthai to eat, and perh. to Skr. p[=a] to protect, L. pascere to feed, pasture, pabulum food, E. pasture. [root]75.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • food — UK US /fuːd/ noun ► [U] something that people eat to keep them alive: »The country has become a huge importer of raw materials such as cotton, steel, and food products. »The problem is that many small companies don t register their products as… …   Financial and business terms

  • food — [ fud ] noun *** uncount the things that people or animals eat: The prices of food and clothing have risen dramatically in recent years. All the food is cooked and served by volunteers. Doctors stress the importance of eating good fresh food. a.… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • food — [fo͞od] n. [ME fode < OE foda < IE pāt , to feed, eat < base * pā , to pasture cattle > L pastor, pabulum, pascere, to feed, panis, bread] 1. any substance taken into and assimilated by a plant or animal to keep it alive and enable it …   English World dictionary

  • food — (n.) O.E. foda food, nourishment; fuel, also figurative, from P.Gmc. *fodon (Cf. Goth. fodeins), from Germanic root *fod , equivalent of PIE *pa to tend, keep, pasture, to protect, to guard, to feed (Cf. Gk. pateisthai to feed; L. pabulum food,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • food — food; food·less; food·ie; food·lessness; …   English syllables

  • Food — Food, v. t. To supply with food. [Obs.] Baret. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • food — ► NOUN ▪ any nutritious substance that people or animals eat or drink or that plants absorb to maintain life and growth. ● food for thought Cf. ↑food for thought ORIGIN Old English, related to FODDER(Cf. ↑fodder) …   English terms dictionary

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